Pomeranians are one of the most popular toy dog breeds, known for their cute and fluffy appearance and cheerful personality. Despite their small size, Pomeranians are full of energy, making them a perfect choice for those who love active dogs. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about Pomeranians, from their history to their care requirements and beyond.

History of Pomeranians

Pomeranians, also known as “Poms,” originated from the Pomerania region in northern Europe, where they were used as sled dogs. They were later developed into smaller toy dogs, becoming popular among royalty and aristocracy in England during the 18th and 19th centuries. In the late 19th century, Pomeranians were brought to America and became a popular choice for pet owners. Today, Pomeranians are recognized as a distinct breed by the American Kennel Club and are beloved by pet owners all over the world.

Appearance and Characteristics

Pomeranians are small dogs, weighing between 3-7 pounds and standing 7-12 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a thick, fluffy coat that comes in a variety of colors, including orange, cream, black, brown, and sable. Their coat requires regular grooming to keep it soft and tangle-free. Pomeranians have a distinctive “fox-like” appearance, with a round face, small nose, and perky ears.

Personality and Temperament

Pomeranians are known for their energetic and playful personality, making them a perfect choice for active families. They are intelligent dogs, eager to learn and respond well to positive reinforcement training. Pomeranians are friendly dogs and get along well with children and other pets, as long as they are socialized from an early age. Despite their small size, Pomeranians are confident dogs and are not afraid to bark and defend their territory, making them effective watchdogs.

Care Requirements

Pomeranians are relatively low maintenance dogs, but they still require regular grooming, exercise, and veterinary care. They have a thick coat that requires weekly brushing to prevent matting and tangles. Pomeranians are active dogs and need daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. A daily walk of 20-30 minutes, along with playtime in the yard, should be sufficient. Pomeranians are prone to certain health issues, including dental problems, eye issues, and skin irritations, so it is important to take them to the veterinarian for regular check-ups and preventive care.

In this guide, we will cover all the essential aspects of raising a Pomeranian.

Provide Proper Nutrition

One of the most critical aspects of raising a Pomeranian is to provide them with proper nutrition. Feed them high-quality dog food that is specifically formulated for small breeds. Offer 2-3 small meals per day instead of one large one. This helps regulate their metabolism and prevents obesity.

Regular Grooming

Pomeranians have a thick double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangles. Brush your dog at least once a week to remove loose hair and distribute skin oils. Trimming the hair around their paws, face, and underbelly can also help keep their coat clean and healthy.


Pomeranians are an active breed and need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Provide daily walks and playtime to meet their physical and mental stimulation needs. This can include playing fetch, going for a run, or participating in dog sports.


Socialization is an important aspect of raising a Pomeranian. Start socializing your Pomeranian from a young age to ensure they are confident and well-behaved around other dogs and people. Take them to puppy training classes and on outings to new environments. This will help them become well-rounded and friendly dogs.


Pomeranians are intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. Start with basic obedience commands and gradually move on to more advanced training. Positive reinforcement methods work best. Consistent training will help reinforce the bond between you and your Pomeranian and ensure they grow up to be well-behaved dogs.

Preventative Health Care

Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and parasite control are important to keep your Pomeranian healthy. Maintain a flea and tick preventative regimen as recommended by your veterinarian. This will help prevent illnesses and keep your Pomeranian in good health.

Mental Stimulation

Pomeranians are a curious breed and benefit from mentally stimulating activities such as puzzle toys and interactive games. This helps keep their minds active and prevents boredom, which can lead to destructive behavior.


Raising a Pomeranian is a rewarding experience that requires time, patience, and dedication. By following these guidelines, you can provide your Pomeranian with a happy and healthy life. Remember to spend time with your Pomeranian, provide them with proper nutrition and exercise, and reinforce positive behavior with training. With the right care, your Pomeranian will be a loving and affectionate companion for many years to come.

Common Questions that People also ask

Are Pomeranians good pets?

Yes, Pomeranians are generally good pets. They are affectionate, playful, and enjoy being around people. They are also small in size, making them suitable for apartment living.

Does Pomeranian bark a lot?

Pomeranians are known to bark frequently, especially when they are excited, stressed, or trying to alert their owners of something. However, this tendency can be managed through proper training and socialization.

Are Pomeranians difficult dogs?

Pomeranians are not inherently difficult dogs. However, they can develop behavioral problems if they are not properly trained, socialized, and exercised.

Are Pomeranians high maintenance?

Pomeranians can be considered high maintenance in terms of grooming. They have a thick double coat that requires regular brushing and trimming to prevent matting and tangling.

Are Pomeranians OK to be left alone?

Pomeranians do not do well when left alone for extended periods of time. They are social animals that thrive on human interaction and can become anxious or destructive if they are left alone too often.

What is the disadvantage of a Pomeranian dog?

One of the main disadvantages of Pomeranians is their tendency to bark excessively. Additionally, they can be high maintenance in terms of grooming and require regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being.

Do Pomeranians smell?

Pomeranians do not have a strong odor, but like all dogs, they can emit a slight odor if they are not bathed regularly.

Are Pomeranians indoor dogs?

Pomeranians can be both indoor and outdoor dogs. They are adaptable to different living environments and can live comfortably in either setting as long as they receive proper exercise and attention. However, they are best suited for apartment living and are great indoor pets.

Are Pomeranian easy to train?

Yes, Pomeranians are generally easy to train. They are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them responsive to positive reinforcement techniques. Consistent training and early socialization are key to ensuring that they are well-behaved and obedient.

What is the smartest dog?

There is no one smartest dog breed. Intelligence can be measured in different ways, such as trainability, instinct, and adaptability. Some of the breeds considered to be among the smartest include the Border Collie, Poodle, and German Shepherd.

What is the cutest dog breed?

Cuteness is subjective and varies from person to person. Some of the breeds that are often considered cute include the Pomeranian, Shih Tzu, and Bichon Frise.

Are Pomeranians loyal to one person?

Yes, Pomeranians are loyal dogs and often form strong bonds with their owners. However, with proper socialization, they can be friendly and affectionate with other people as well.

What is the average lifespan of a Pomeranian?

The average lifespan of a Pomeranian is 12-16 years.

How much exercise does a Pomeranian need?

Pomeranians are an active breed and need regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They enjoy walks and playtime, and a daily walk of 20-30 minutes is usually sufficient.

What is the average weight of a Pomeranian?

The average weight of a Pomeranian is 3-7 pounds.

Do Pomeranians shed a lot?

Pomeranians are a heavy shedding breed and require regular brushing to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They shed moderately throughout the year and more heavily during seasonal changes.

What is the average cost of a Pomeranian puppy?

The average cost of a Pomeranian puppy can range from $500 to $1,500 or more, depending on the breeder and location.

What type of food is best for a Pomeranian?

Pomeranians benefit from a balanced diet of high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their size and energy level. They can do well on a diet of dry kibble, canned food, or a combination of both. It’s important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the best type of food for your individual Pomeranian.

Are Pomeranians hypoallergenic?

No, Pomeranians are not hypoallergenic. They shed heavily and produce dander, which can trigger allergies in some people.

Do Pomeranians get along with other pets?

Yes, Pomeranians can get along well with other pets, including cats and other dogs, if they are introduced at an early age and socialized properly. However, they may exhibit aggressive behavior towards other animals if they feel threatened.

Do Pomeranians have any health issues?

Like all breeds, Pomeranians are prone to certain health problems, such as dental problems, eye issues, and skin irritations. It’s important to monitor their health regularly and take them to the veterinarian for regular check-ups to prevent and treat any health issues.