Introduction to the Yorkshire Terrier Dog

The Yorkshire Terrier is a toy dog breed that typically weighs between 4 and 7 pounds. It has a long, silky coat that comes in different colors, including black, blue, tan, and white. Yorkshire Terriers are known for their small size, perky ears, and lively personalities.

Yorkshire Terrier History and Characteristics

Yorkshire Terrier History

The Yorkshire Terrier originated in Yorkshire, England during the 19th century. They were bred to be small, agile dogs that could catch rats in clothing mills and mines. The breed was developed from a combination of several different terrier breeds, including the Skye Terrier, Paisley Terrier, and Waterside Terrier.

The Yorkshire Terrier was first recognized as a breed in England in 1861, and soon after made its way to the United States. The breed quickly became popular as a companion dog, and its small size and affectionate nature made it a favorite of women in particular.

During the early 20th century, the Yorkshire Terrier’s popularity continued to grow. It was one of the first breeds to be recognized by the American Kennel Club, and has since become one of the most popular breeds in the world.

Today, the Yorkshire Terrier is still beloved as a companion dog and is known for its feisty personality and luxurious coat. It has also been used in various dog sports and competitions, including obedience, agility, and conformation. Despite its small size, the Yorkshire Terrier has a big place in the hearts of dog lovers everywhere.

Yorkshire Terrier Characteristics:

  • Size: Yorkshire Terriers are a small breed, weighing between 4-7 pounds and standing 6-9 inches tall at the shoulder.
  • Coat: Yorkshire Terriers have a long, silky coat that comes in shades of blue and tan. The coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.
  • Temperament: Yorkshire Terriers are loyal, affectionate, and intelligent dogs. They can be stubborn and feisty at times, but are generally friendly and playful.
  • Energy Level: While they are small, Yorkshire Terriers have a moderate energy level and enjoy short walks and playtime indoors.
  • Intelligence: Yorkshire Terriers are intelligent dogs that can be trained to do tricks and follow commands.
  • Alertness: Yorkshire Terriers are alert dogs that make good watchdogs. They will bark to alert their owners of any perceived threats or strangers.
  • Affectionate: Yorkshire Terriers are known for their loving and affectionate nature towards their owners. They love attention and cuddling.

Yorkshire Terrier Care and Grooming


Yorkshire Terriers have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and tangle-free. Here are some tips for grooming your Yorkshire Terrier:

Brush their coat daily: Yorkshire Terriers have a long coat that can easily become matted and tangled if not properly groomed. Brush their coat daily with a slicker brush to remove any tangles and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Bathe them regularly: Yorkshire Terriers should be bathed every 4-6 weeks to keep their coat clean and smelling fresh. Use a mild dog shampoo and be careful not to get water in their ears.

Trim their hair: Yorkshire Terriers have hair that can grow very long if not trimmed regularly. Trim their hair around their ears, paws, and anus every 4-6 weeks to keep them clean and prevent matting.

Keep their nails trimmed: Trim your Yorkshire Terrier’s nails every 2-3 weeks to prevent them from getting too long and causing discomfort or pain.

Clean their ears: Yorkshire Terriers are prone to ear infections, so it’s important to clean their ears regularly. Use a damp cotton ball to wipe the inside of their ears, and be sure to dry them thoroughly afterward.


A healthy diet is important for the overall health and well-being of your Yorkshire Terrier. Here are some tips for feeding your Yorkshire Terrier:

Choose a high-quality dog food: Look for dog food that is specifically formulated for small breeds and provides a balanced diet of protein, fat, and carbohydrates.

Feed them small meals throughout the day: Because of their small size, Yorkshire Terriers can have difficulty digesting large meals. Feed them small meals throughout the day to help prevent digestive issues.

Avoid feeding them table scraps: Table scraps can be high in fat and calories, which can lead to obesity and other health problems. Stick to feeding them high-quality dog food and healthy treats.

Provide them with fresh water: Make sure your Yorkshire Terrier always has access to fresh, clean water to stay hydrated and healthy.


Yorkshire Terriers are intelligent dogs that can be trained with positive reinforcement methods. Here are some tips for training your Yorkshire Terrier:

Use positive reinforcement: Reward your Yorkshire Terrier with treats and praise when they exhibit good behavior. Avoid using punishment or negative reinforcement, as it can be counterproductive.

Start training early: Start training your Yorkshire Terrier from a young age to establish good habits and prevent behavior problems.

Be patient and consistent: Training takes time and patience. Be consistent with your training methods and practice regularly to see results.

Socialize your Yorkshire Terrier: Socialization is important for all dogs, but especially for small breeds like Yorkshire Terriers. Expose them to different people, animals, and environments from a young age to help prevent anxiety and fearfulness.


Yorkshire Terriers have moderate exercise needs and enjoy short walks and playtime indoors. Here are some tips for exercising your Yorkshire Terrier:

Take them for daily walks: Yorkshire Terriers enjoy short walks and exploration, but be careful not to over-exercise them or put too much strain on their joints.

Play indoor games: Yorkshire Terriers are small enough to play games like fetch and tug-of-war indoors. These games can help them burn off excess energy and stay mentally stimulated.

Provide them with toys: Provide your Yorkshire Terrier with toys that can keep them entertained and mentally stimulated, such as puzzle toys and interactive toys.

Avoid extreme temperatures: Yorkshire Terriers are sensitive to extreme temperatures and should be kept indoors during very hot or very cold weather. If you need to take them outside, make sure they are properly dressed in a coat or sweater to keep them warm.

Health Issues:

Like all dog breeds, Yorkshire Terriers are prone to certain health issues. Here are some common health issues to watch for in Yorkshire Terriers:

Dental problems: Yorkshire Terriers are prone to dental problems such as tooth decay and gum disease. Regular dental cleanings and at-home tooth brushing can help prevent these issues.

Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can be a problem in small breeds like Yorkshire Terriers. Symptoms include weakness, lethargy, and seizures. Feeding them small meals throughout the day can help prevent hypoglycemia.

Luxating patella: This is a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and difficulty walking. Surgery may be necessary to correct this condition.

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: This is a condition where the hip joint deteriorates, causing pain and difficulty walking. Surgery may be necessary to correct this condition.

Portosystemic shunt: This is a condition where the liver does not function properly, causing toxins to build up in the blood. Surgery may be necessary to correct this condition.

Yorkshire Terrier Personality and Temperament

Yorkshire Terriers are small but mighty dogs, known for their big personalities and feisty temperament. Despite their small size, they have a lot of energy and spunk, which can make them an entertaining and engaging companion for pet owners. Here are some key traits that define their personality:

Loyal and Affectionate: Yorkshire Terriers love to be close to their owners and thrive on attention and affection. They can make great lap dogs and snuggle buddies.

Intelligent: These dogs are highly intelligent and quick learners. They enjoy the mental stimulation that comes with training and can be taught a variety of tricks and tasks.

Curious: Yorkshire Terriers are naturally curious and love to explore their surroundings. They enjoy investigating new objects and smells.

Stubborn: Their intelligence and assertive nature can sometimes lead to stubbornness. Firm and consistent training is important to ensure good behavior.

Restless: Yorkshire Terriers can become easily bored or restless, which may result in excessive barking or destructive behavior.

Possessive: These dogs can become quite possessive of their owners and may become jealous if they feel their attention is being diverted elsewhere.

Watchful: Yorkshire Terriers have a natural watchdog instinct and will bark to alert their owners of perceived threats or strangers.

While Yorkshire Terriers can make great pets for families, there are some considerations to keep in mind:

Fragile: They are a fragile breed and can be easily injured if mishandled. They may not be the best choice for families with very young children.

Nippy: Yorkshire Terriers may become nippy if they feel threatened or scared, which can be dangerous for young children who may not understand how to interact with them appropriately.

Overall, the Yorkshire Terrier is a beloved and popular small dog breed that makes a great companion pet. By understanding their history, characteristics, personality, and care needs, owners can provide their Yorkshire Terriers with a happy and healthy life.

FAQs About Yorkshire Terriers:

Are Yorkshire Terriers hypoallergenic?

No dog breed is truly hypoallergenic, but Yorkshire Terriers are considered a good choice for people with allergies because they have hair instead of fur. However, it is still important to spend time around Yorkshire Terriers before bringing one into your home to ensure you don’t have an allergic reaction.

Do Yorkshire Terriers shed?

Yorkshire Terriers have hair instead of fur, which means they don’t shed as much as other dog breeds. However, they do still shed a little bit and require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.

Can Yorkshire Terriers live in apartments?

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers are a great choice for apartment living because of their small size and exercise needs. However, they still require regular exercise and playtime to maintain their physical and mental health.

Are Yorkshire Terriers good with children?

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers can be great with children when they are raised together and properly socialized. However, because of their small size, it is important to supervise interactions between children and Yorkshire Terriers to prevent accidental injury.

How often should I take my Yorkshire Terrier to the vet?

It is recommended to take your Yorkshire Terrier to the vet at least once a year for regular check-ups and vaccinations. However, if you notice any concerning symptoms or changes in behavior, it is important to take them to the vet as soon as possible.